The beneficial effects of exercise are clear. Individuals who perform even modest aerobic exercise have lower rates of heart disease. Resistance exercises help to maintain muscle mass, which increases the basal metabolic rate and may help to maintain body weight.
Probably the most difficult aspect of diabetic management relates to the influence of stress on insulin sensitivity and blood sugar levels. Over the past decade a number of studies addressing the issue of stress management in diabetics have demonstrated that stress reduction techniques can improve metabolic control.
Recent research has shown that commonly used doses of Vitamin E and Vitamin A can increase death rates. On the other hand, certain vitamins seem to be of particular benefit to diabetics.